习惯用语和固定搭配

a bit (of) 有一点,一会儿
a few 一些,少量 
a great deal 大量,许多 
a good/great many 大量,许多 
a kind of 一种,一类 
a little 一点,少许 
a lot of 许多,大量 
a number of 一些,许多 
a pair of 一双,一副 
a piece of 一块,一张,一根,一片 
above all 首先,首要 
according to 根据,按照 
add up to 合计达…… 
after all 毕竟,终究 
after class 课后 
again and again 反复地,再三地 
agree to do sth. 同意做某事 
agree with sb. 同意某人的看法,与某人看法一致 
ahead of 在……之前 
all in all 总的来说,总计 
all kinds of 各种各样的 
all over 到处,遍及,结束 
all right 行了,好吧,(病)好了 
all the best 一切顺利,万事如意 
answer for 对……负责 
apart from 除去,除了 
arrive at (in) a place 到达某地 
as a matter of fact 事实上,其实 
as a result (作为)结果 
as...as 像,如同 
as soon as 一……就…… 
as far as (表示程度,范围)就……;尽…… 
as if 好像,仿佛 
as long as 只要 
as though 好像,仿佛 
as usual 通常,平常地 
as well 也,还有 
as well as 除……之外(也) 

belong to 属于
be proud of 骄傲,自豪 
be strict with 对……严格要求 
both...and 两个都,既……又…… 
break away from 脱离…… 
break down 损坏; (把化合物等) 分解,(汽车)抛锚 
break in 闯入,强行进入,插嘴,打断 
break off 打断; 折断
break out (战争、火灾等)突然发生,爆发 
break up 分解;分裂 
bring in 引来,引进,吸收 
bring on 引起,导致,使前进 
bring up 教育,培养 
build up 逐步建立
by accident 偶然 
by air ( bus, train, ship ) 乘飞机(公共汽车,火车,轮船) 
by and by 不久以后,逐渐地 
by day 日间,在白天 
by the way 顺便说 

call for 提倡,号召, 需要 
call in 召来,召集 
call on 拜访,访问 
call up 号召,打电话 
care for 喜欢;照顾(病人) 
carry off 携走,夺走 
carry on 继续下去; 继续开展 
carry out 开展,执行 
catch up with 赶上(或超过) 
change into 转换成,把……变成 
check in 报到,登记 
check out 查明; 结账 
clear up 整理,收拾, (天气)放晴 
come about 发生,产生 
come across (偶然)遇见(或发现) 
come back 回来,想起来 
come down 落,下来 
come from 出生(于),来自 
come in 进入,进来 
come off 从……离开,脱落 
come on 来吧,赶快 
come out 出来,(书等)出版,发行 
come to 共计,达到 
come true 变为现实,成为事实 
come up 上来,上升,抬头 
come up with 追上,赶上;想出(主意);找出(答案) 
compare to 与……相比 
compare with 与……相比 
congratulate...on 祝贺…… 
connect to 连接,相连 
connect with 与……相连 
cut down 砍倒 
cut off 切断 
cut up 齐根割掉,切碎 

day and night 日日夜夜 
do one's best 尽最大的努力 
deal with 处理,对付 
depend on (upon) 依靠,相信,信赖 
die out 消失,灭亡 
different from 与……不同 
divide up 分配 
divide...into... 把……分成…… 
do some cleaning (shopping) 做扫除(买东西) 
dozens of 几十 
drop in 顺便走访(某人) 
due to 由于,因为 

each other 相互 
earn one's living 谋生 
either...or 或者……或者…… 
enjoy oneself 过得愉快 
even if 即使,尽管 
even though 即使,尽管 
ever since 自那时起直到现在 
face to face 面对面 

fall asleep 入睡 
fall ill 患病,病倒 
far away 遥远的 
far from 远离 
feel like doing 想要……, 感觉要…… 
figure out 理解,想明白 
fill ... with 用……填充 
fill in 填充 
find out 查明,发现,了解 
first of all 首先 
for ever 永远 
for example 例如 
for good 永远 
from now on 从今以后,今后 
from then on 从那时起 
from... to 从……到…… 
from time to time 不时,偶尔 

get along with 与……相处 
get away 逃; 离 
get back 返回; 回来; 回家 
get close (to) 接近 
get down 降下 
get down to 开始认真(做某事) 
get in 进入, 收获,达到 
get off 脱下(衣服等);下车 
get on 上车;过活 
get on with sb. 与……相处 
get through 通过,拨通(电话) 
get together 聚会,联欢 
get up 起床 
give away 分发 
give back 归还;送回 
give in 屈服,让步 
give out 分发 
give up 放?
go ahead 走在前面,领先;干吧,干下去 
go away 走开,离去 
go by 走过; 经过; 过去 
go fishing (shopping, skating) (去)钓鱼(买东西,滑冰) 
go for 主张 
go for a walk 散步 
go in for 参加,喜欢 
go off 走开 
go on 继续 
go on doing... 继续干某事,不停地干某事 
go on with 继续 
go out 出去, 熄灭 
go over 仔细检查,复习 
go through 浏览; 翻阅,通过 
grow up 长大成人,成长 

had better (do) 最好(做) 
hand in 上交; 交纳 
hand out 分发 
have a cold 患感冒 
hang on (打电话时)不挂断,等待片刻 
hang up 挂断电话 
have a gift for 对……有天赋 
have a good time 玩得高兴,过得愉快 
have classes 上课 
have fun with 玩得高兴 
have got to 不得不;必须 
have to 不得不;必须 
hear of 听说,知道 
hear from 收到……的来信 
help oneself to 请随便吃点 
help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事 
help...out 帮助某人解决困难 
hold on 等一等(别挂电话) 
hold one's breath 不出气,屏住呼吸 
hold out 伸出;坚持,维持 
hold up 阻挡,使停顿 
hundreds of 几百,成百上千 
hurry up 赶快,快点 

in a hurry 匆忙,很快地 
in all 总之 
in a word 简言之,总之
in common 共同,共有 
in debt 欠债 
in danger 处在危险状态 
in fact 事实上,实际上 
in front of 在……前面 
in need of 需要,缺少 
in order 按顺序 
in order that 为了 
in order to 为了 
in other words 换句话说 
in peace 安静,宁静 
in public 当众;公开 
in surprise 吃惊,惊讶 
in the end 最后,终于 
in time 及时,来得及 
instead of 代替,而不是 

join in 参加,加入 
join up 联合起来,联结起来 
just now 现在,刚才 

keep back 留下 
keep doing sth. 继续做某事 
keep off 勿踏; 勿踩 
keep on 继续(进行) 
keep one's word 守信 
keep up 保持; 维持; 继续 
knock at 敲 
knock into sb. 撞上 

laugh at 嘲笑 
lead to 导致,导向 
let in 让……进来,放进 
let out 放掉, 泄露 
live on 以……为主食,靠……为生 
look after 照顾 
look ahead 向前看,展望未来 
look down upon 看不起,轻视 
look for 寻找 
look forward to 盼望 
look into 向……里面看去; 调查
look out 留神,当心 
look through 看穿, 浏览 
look up 查找 
lots of 许多,大量 

make a face 做鬼脸,做苦脸 
make friends with 与……交朋友
make up 和解,化装 
make up of 由……组成,构成 
make up one's mind 下决心 
millions of 成百万上千万,数以百万计
more or less 或多或少 


neither...nor 既不……也不…… 
next to 紧接着,相邻,次于 
no doubt 无疑地 
no longer 不再 
not any more 不再 
not at all 一点也不,绝非 
not only ... but also 不仅……而且…… 
not so...as 不像,不如 
not till/until 直到……才 
now and then 不时,偶尔 
now that 既然 

of course 当然 
on (the, an) average 平均,按平均数计算 
on duty 值日,值班 
on foot 走路,步行 
on show 展出,在上演(放映) 
on time 准时 
on/over the radio 通过收音机 
once again 再一次 
once more 再一次 
once upon a time 从前,很久以前 
one after another 一个接一个 
open up 开启;开创; 开辟 
or else 否则,要不然 
ought to 应该 
out of breath 上气不接下气 
out of order 运转不正常,出毛病 
out of work 失业 
over and over again 反复,多次重复 

pass by 经过 
pay attention to 注意 
pay back 偿还(借款等) 
pay for 付款 
pay off 偿清(欠款等) 
persuade sb. to do 说服 
pick out 选出 
pick up 拾起,捡起, 接收;开车去接…… 
point out 指出 
point to 指向 
prevent ... from 妨碍, 防止, 预防 
put away 储存 
put down 记下 
put off 推迟 
put on 穿,戴上,上演 
put on a performance 演出 
put on weight 发福,增加体重 
put out 扑灭,关熄 
put up 挂起,举起, 贴(广告等) 
put up with 忍受 

rather than 而不,非 
refer to 提到,涉及,有关 
regard... as 把……看作 
ring back 回电话 
ring off 挂断电话,停止讲话 
ring up 打电话给 
right away 立即,马上 
right now 立即,马上 
run away 逃跑, 失控 
run out of 用完 

save one's life 挽救某人生命 
scores of 许多,大量 
see...off 为某人送行 
sell out 卖完, 出卖 
send for 派人去叫(请) 
send out 发出,派遣 
send up 发出, 射出 
sentence...to death 判处死刑 
separate...from... 分开 
set down 放下 
set free 释放,解放 
set off 动身,起程;使爆发 
set out 出发; 开始 
set up settle down 建立创立 定居,平静下来 
show off 炫耀 
side by side 肩并肩,一起 
so as to 以便,为的是 
so far 到目前为止 
so far as (表示程度,范围)就……,尽…… 
so long as 只要 
so...that 太……以至于…… 
sooner or later 迟早,早晚 
speed up 加快速度 
spend...on 在……花钱 
stand for 代表,象征 
tick to 坚持 
stop doing sth. 停止做某事 
stop to do sth. 停下来做某事 
struggle against 同……作斗争 
such as 例如 

take away 拿走 
take it easy 别着急,别紧张 
take off 脱下,起飞 
take one's time 从容,慢慢行动 
take out 取出 
take place 发生 
take sb. in the arms 搂抱 
take the place of 取代,代替
take up 占去,占据(时间、地位等) 
talk about 谈论,议论 
talk of 谈论,议论 
the day after tomorrow 后天 
the day before yesterday 前天 
the more...the more... 越……就越…… 
the other day 前几天,某日 
think about 考虑(是否去做) 
think of 想起,考虑;认为,看法 
thousands of 成千上万,几千 
throw away 扔掉 
too...to 太……以至于不…… 
try on 试穿,试试看 
try out 试验 
turn down 关小,调低 
turn off 关掉(水、电、电视、收音机等) 
turn on 打开(水、电视、收音机、灯、煤气等) 
turn over 翻动,犁翻(土地) 
turn up 到达,来到;开大(声音) 

up and down 上下,来回 
used to sth. 习惯于 
used to do sth. 过去常常 

wait for 等候,等待 
wake up 醒来 
work out 算出,解决 
worry about 担心,烦恼 
wrap up 包好, 伪装 
write down 写下,记下 
write to 写信给……